For a candidate to win a presidential election in Ghana, that candidate needs to obtain over 50 per cent of the total valid votes cast, according to Article 63(3) of the 1992 constitution.
It states that a person shall not be elected as president of Ghana unless at the presidential election the number of votes cast in his favour was more than 50 per cent of the total number of valid votes cast at the election.
Furthermore, Article 63(4) and 63(5) ensured that where there were more than two candidates in a presidential election and no candidate obtained more than 50 per cent of the valid votes cast, there would be a second election after 21 days of the previous election for the two candidates with the two highest number of votes to determine the winner.
Winner not determined on regional basis
From the above, a winner is not determined in Ghana’s presidential election based on the majority of regions won.
The constituency and regional demarcations in Ghana is such that the total number of registered voters in each region differs
Some constituencies and some regions have more total registered voters than others.
In some cases, it takes a combination of the total registered voters of two or three or four regions to match up to one region.
A similar feature is with the constituencies, where a combination of two or three or four constituencies had to be done to match up to one constituency in some cases.
This means that, it is possible for one political party to win majority seats in Parliament but may not win the presidential when all those constituency results are put together at the national level.
The Electoral Commission (EC) had as of Wednesday morning [December 9, 2020] released certified results from seven regions.